Backward linkages as defined by the Eurostat Manual of Supply, Use and Input-Output Tables (see p506-507.)

backward_linkages(Im)

Arguments

Im

A Leontieff inverse matrix created by the leontieff_inverse_create function.

Value

The vector of industry (product) backward linkages in a wide data.frame class, following the column names of the Leontieff inverse matrix.

See also

Other interindustrial linkage functions: forward_linkages()

Examples

de_coeff <- input_coefficient_matrix_create( iotable_get(), digits = 4 ) I <- leontieff_inverse_create (de_coeff) backward_linkages (I)
#> iotables_row agriculture_group industry_group construction trade_group #> 1 backward linkages 1.704922 1.841421 1.813747 1.603712 #> business_services_group other_services_group #> 1 1.594974 1.378375